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    Amman ....

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    عدد المساهمات : 776
    تاريخ التسجيل : 28/10/2009

    Amman ....

    مُساهمة من طرف معاذ العيدة في الخميس مارس 04, 2010 2:12 pm


    Amman




    Amman the capital of Jordan is a city which geographically straddles seven hills and historically sits astride many centuries. The city's modern buildings blend with the remnants of ancient civilizations. The profusion of gleaming white houses, kebab stalls with roasting meat, and tiny cafes where rich Arabian coffee is sipped in the afternoon sunshine, conjure a mood straight from a thousand and one nights. It is a city with a timeless ambiance, where a slight detour off the beaten track reveals the wonders of a Bronze Age settlement or a Byzantine monastery. In its souqs (markets), you can bargain for fruit, perfume, gold or other exquisite luxuries of the Middle East. For Businessmen, Amman offers the most up-to-date convention and communication facilities. Its strategic position and convivial atmosphere, make it one of the foremost centers of finance & trade in the Middle East today.

    Anyone visiting Amman for the first time will be surprised above all by the hills. The mental image of a Middle Eastern capital set on a dusty plain must be discarded, for Amman lies on a high plateau of 850m. Built originally on seven hills, the main areas of Amman gain their names from the hills on whose slopes they lie. The city is dotted with a number of historic sites from the stone age to the Greek, Roman, Byzantine and Islamic eras. Each is considered interesting in its own way. The first impression you get as you arrive, is that of a modern city with limestone and concrete buildings, and well maintained cars cruising wide streets. The bustle, noise and squalor which accompany this western veneer is not to be seen except in Downtown Amman, which was also hub of life in ancient times. Amman's population is close to one and half million, swelled by refugees from the 1948 Palestinian conflict, the Six Day war in 1967, and the Gulf War in 1991. Nearly half the population of Jordan lives in Amman. Underneath its modern appearance, Amman's origins go back a long way. Neolithic sites and villages were discovered in the 1980's in more than one area in Amman. One of the revealed sites is a village ten times the size of Jericho. During the Iron age, Amman was the Capital of the Ammonites, and it is referred to as Rabbath-Ammon in the Old Testament, an area thought to have been located, where the Citadel now stands. The city which was rebuilt during the Hellenistic and Roman periods was renamed Philadelphia by the Hellenistic ruler Ptolemy II. Later, during the Byzantine Period, Amman was home to bishop and several splendid churches. One important church was discovered in 1970, in a site known as Sweifieh. It has one of the greatest mosaic floors in Jordan and is one of the only few Byzantine mosaic floors found in the capital. Following the Sasanian onslaught in the early 7th Century, Philadelphia reverted to being known by its Semitic name. Thus Ammon evolved to become Amman. Again, during the Early Islamic Era Amman held some of its importance through its location on trade routes and for its strategic military position. But Amman's entry into modern times did not happen until the 19th century. In 1878 a group of Circassian emigrants, many of whose descendants still reside in the capital, were transported to Amman by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul Hamid. It was in 1921 that the Emir Abdullah bin Hussein moved his capital to Amman. Touring Amman should begin at the Citadel, which is now located -as in ancient times- at the heart of the city, facing the Roman theatre in the valley below. On all sides but the north it is buffered by valleys, and on the north an escarpment was quarried to give security from the underlying areas. Many of the summit's most valuable remains and important relics from across Jordan, can be found in the Archaeological Museum located at the Citadel. Below the Citadel's southern rim is a stream known as Seil Amman. It is on its south bank that most of the Roman City of Philadelphia was situated. This included the main Forum, Theatre, Odeon, and various shops. Just north of the Sail was a large road that ran from east to the west. This street or Cumanus Maximums, gave access to the citadel by a connecting path. A smaller main street also lined with Corinthian columns, ran off the Decuraunce Maximus called the Cardo. Behind the junction of the two main streets was the site of the Nymphaeum. This sacred fountain, similar to the Nypmhaeum at Jerash, was fed by water from Seil Amman which ran to its southern wall. The forum is concealed by the streets of modern Amman. Amman's Amphi Theatre is the largest in Jordan, with room for 6,000 spectators. In the east wing of the stage is the Folklore Museums of Amman. In the western wing is the Museum of Popular Traditions. Steps lead to a gallery of exquisite Byzantine mosaic scenes from Madaba. The Theatre area is an ideal place to wander. There is a bustle of traffic and everyday life, stalls selling shish kebabs or ice creams as well as a bevy of souvenir shops

    Sites In Amman:

    Amman is home to some of the grandest mosques in the Middle East. The newest of these is the enormous King Abdullah Mosque, built between 1982 and 1989. Located to the north-west of the Citadel, it is capped by a magnificent blue mosaic dome, beneath which 3,000 Muslims may offer prayers. The most unusual mosque in Amman is the Abu Darwish Mosque, situated atop the Jabal Ashrafieh. It is covered with an extraordinary black-and-white chequered patterns and is unique to Jordan. Western Amman is considered the most fashionable, with modern shops and office buildings. The impressive Hussein Sports City is the main site housing sports, cultural events and national festivities. Overlooking the Hussein Sports City is the Palace of Culture building which was built to resemble a Bedouin tent, and the Royal Cultural Centre. The Sports City complex houses the Martyrs' Memorial and in it the military museum of Amman. As for art lovers, the Jordan National Art Gallery and the Dar Al Funoun, both situated in Jabal Al-Weibdeh, are important stops. Other sites found around Amman are the following: The Cave of the Seven Sleepers: Myriad tombs with ornately sculpted covers are found at the site. On the northern outskirts of Amman the remains of a prehistoric Neolithic settlement have been unearthed. The site located near Ain Ghazal, dates back to 7200 BC.

    Queismeh:

    A village in the south-east corner of Amman, is the site of substantial Roman Crypt

    Qasr Al-Abed

    Qasr Al-Abed(The Castle of the slave), where enormous ruins are found about 10 Kilometers (six miles) down the valley from the actual village of Wadi El-Seer. As you drive back up the valley, about 500 meters (550 yards) from the Qasr, there is a group of caves cut from the rock, known as Iraq Al-Amir, (the Caves of the Prince). The caves, eleven in total, are arranged in two ranks at the actual cliff face and are thought to have been hewn by hand

    عمر أبوعامرية

    عدد المساهمات : 16
    تاريخ التسجيل : 10/03/2011

    رد: Amman ....

    مُساهمة من طرف عمر أبوعامرية في الخميس مارس 17, 2011 3:16 pm

    قرأت القصة جميلة

    yousef hijazeen

    عدد المساهمات : 58
    تاريخ التسجيل : 06/03/2011

    رد: Amman ....

    مُساهمة من طرف yousef hijazeen في الجمعة مارس 18, 2011 5:50 pm

    اقطع ايدي يا عمر اذا فهمت كلمة من المكتوب

    عمر أبوعامرية

    عدد المساهمات : 16
    تاريخ التسجيل : 10/03/2011

    رد: Amman ....

    مُساهمة من طرف عمر أبوعامرية في الأحد أبريل 24, 2011 8:03 am

    خليك ساكت أحسنلك

    yousef hijazeen

    عدد المساهمات : 58
    تاريخ التسجيل : 06/03/2011

    رد: Amman ....

    مُساهمة من طرف yousef hijazeen في الجمعة مايو 20, 2011 4:44 pm

    ولله

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو الأربعاء ديسمبر 19, 2018 1:52 am